Writing goals are one of the things I hear debated quite often among writers. For some reason, Stephen King is always mentioned in these conversations. Awestruck statements of, “I heard Stephen King writes a thousand words a day” always leave me a little mystified. I think to myself That’s great if it works for Stephen. Lord knows the man has enjoyed some success and maybe that has something to do with his daily writing goals. Maybe not. Because if we’re saying daily word counts are directly related to the number of books published which translates into success, then Stephen King far outstrips Harper Lee. Yet I doubt anyone would consider Harper Lee a failure.
There is a place in King’s book On Writing where he says something like you have to shovel the shit every day, meaning no matter how bad the writing is keep it up until you reach your daily word goal and edit it later. I don’t want to shovel shit. I’d rather mine for gold.
Why would I purposefully layer word after word, line after line of bad writing on top of something good, or worse on top of something else bad, just to say I’ve reached a daily word goal? I wouldn’t find that at all satisfying. Now don’t get me wrong: my work isn’t so perfect the first time around that it doesn’t need edited. It is, however, very close to my vision for a particular story because I took the time to think it through.
The other thing my method does for me is alleviate the pressure I feel when writer’s block stumps me. Again, I don’t feel the need to put anything on the page just to fulfill an arbitrary number. In doing so, I free myself to explore the rabbit trails that usually lead me to the good writing as long as I don’t force it.
So yes, there are days when my best writing amounts to a single, brilliantly written sentence, and there are days when whole chapters are completed. In either case, I count myself as successful because I’m more of a Ray Bradbury kind of writer when it comes to word counts:
Today’s The Weight of Words came about because I was looking up the proper usage of single and double quotes and came across a debate on the words quote versus quotation. I wish I could find the original article as the author thereof was quite adamant about not using them interchangeably. Articles I’ve found since have been a lot more lenient but no less informative.
I’m also featuring this today because I’m using it to launch Quotation Station. It’s been on my mind for some time as I read books and perused the Internet to share quotations I came across that struck me as intelligent, wise, funny, poignant, relevant to writing, or any combination thereof. My goal is to feature three posts a week, but I feel as if I’m leaving my followers hanging over the weekend. Quotation Station will be a sincere handshake as we part company from Friday to Monday to relax from the hectic week.
Per Richard Nordquist writing for ThoughtCo.:
In formal English, quotation is a noun (as in “a quotation from Shakespeare”) and quote is a verb (“She likes to quote Shakespeare”). However, in everyday speech and informal English, quote is often treated as a shortened form of quotation.
The noun quotation refers to a group of words taken from a text or speech and repeated by someone other than the original author or speaker.
- A direct quotation is a report of the exact words of an author or speaker. Direct quotations are placed inside quotation marks.
- An indirect quotation is a paraphrase of someone else’s words: it reports on what a person said without using his or her exact words. Indirect quotations are not placed inside quotation marks.
The verb quote means to repeat a group of words originally written or spoken by another person. In informal speech and writing, quote is sometimes used as a shortened form of the noun quotation.
Nordquist, Richard. “What’s the Difference Between the Words “Quotation” and “Quote”?” ThoughtCo. N.p., 03 May 2017. Web.
For examples, usage notes, and practice enjoy reading the article in its entirety here: “What’s the Difference Between the Words “Quotation” and “Quote”?”
You may not have known what it was called, so you couldn’t even Google the answer, but I’m here to tell you, friend, it is compound possession, also known as joint possession! That’s right; it’s that tricky little scenario that makes your fingers falter across the keyboard when you’re writing about two subjects in possession of something. Does each subject have an apostrophe and an S or does only the last subject in the group have the apostrophe and the S?
For instance: George and Mary’s cats are always escaping.
From this sentence, we can assume that George and Mary live together and are in possession of a herd of fugitive felines. The rest of the story would probably bear this out. But what if George and Mary are actually neighbors in possession of separate mobs of moggies who escape for midnight sessions of group yowling on the fence between their properties?
Then the sentence would look like this: George’s and Mary’s cats are always escaping.
Your decision will be based on whether or not the two subjects are in possession of shared items or separately owned items. You may be saying, “Yes, but George and Mary both owned cats, and since cats are the same thing, shouldn’t it always be like the first example?”
Consider this: George’s and Mary’s coats are in the front closet.
Clearly, George and Mary aren’t going to wear the same garment. They own separate coats. The same applies to their cats. Now if George and Mary could just contain their wayward beasts, the rest of the neighborhood could sleep in peace.
Today’s The Weight of Words is one I see botched on social media (between confident and confidant) and in writing (between confidant and confidante). By now you probably think your eyes are playing tricks on you, so allow me to expound with definitions to assist with choosing the correct word.
feeling or showing confidence in oneself; self-assured
He was a confident, assertive person.
feeling or showing certainty about something
She was confident she had made the correct decision.
a person with whom one shares a secret or private matter, trusting them not to repeat it to others
George trusted his brother as the perfect confidant since Ralph had never betrayed his secrets before.
a person with whom one shares a secret or private matter, trusting them not to repeat it to others
Did you notice there is no difference between the definitions of confidant without the E and with the E? Here’s why: strict grammarians reserve confidant for males and confidante for females.
This may not be a big issue in writing today where so many rules are often thrown to the wind, but for someone writing historical fiction, especially if the passage is a letter wherein the word is used, how much more realistic would it be to use the proper spelling of the word? Besides, who wouldn’t want to expand their knowledge of words, definitions, and spellings with such useful tips as those provided above?
Now for the monkey wrench that is the English language: the archaic definition of confident (spelled with an E) is confidant (spelled with an A, see above definition). You gotta love second, third, and archaic definitions! My advice is to stick with the first three so as not to confuse yourself.
One of the best parts of an author platform is making new connections that turn into friends. Such was the case with fellow word nerd, Mark Schultz, of Word Refiner. The Weight of Words, found in my Writing Toolbox, is all about the complexities of words. I believe this is what caught Mark’s eye and started the conversation between us. With that being said, it just made sense to feature Mark and Word Refiner on my blog. Without further ado, I’m pleased to introduce Mark Schultz and his homonym-sniffing sidekick, Grizz.
Hello and welcome! Tell me a little bit about yourself.
I have been married for over forty years to my wife (she is a keeper). We have three kids, girl-boy-girl, who are now ‘adulting’ quite well, and three beautiful granddaughters who we love and see frequently.
What has your experience been?
I am a journeyman sheet metal worker and a journeyman HVAC service technician. I work outdoors a great deal and love it most of the time. I had nearly twenty years of experience in retail before I launched into construction. I like helping people.
Did your work experience lead to the creation of Word Refiner?
No, but my love of reading led me in that direction. I have been a super reader all of my life. Reading is one of my favorite things to do. During my college years, I worked as a proofreader for a firm of consulting engineers, proofing specifications and contract documents. This was in the dark ages before the Internet, before computers, cell phones, and calculators. The new exciting thing was correction paper for a typewriter. That is the only experience in the industry. But I was alerted to the fact that I was really good at finding all types of spelling errors, including homonyms, typographical errors, missing words, misplaced words, and multiple words. I was better at it than everyone else in the department.
How did you develop your passion for words/spelling?
I read some books, then I read some more books, and more books, and … you get the idea. I have read many thousands of books in my life. In college or at work I had three books I was reading at the same time: one for home, one on the bus, and one at school or work. I read very widely as a boy and an adult. I was very bored growing up on a small, non-working farm. I had only my younger sisters and baby brother to play with. I devoured encyclopedias and spent many happy hours in a twenty pound dictionary. Relatives sent me books for birthdays and holidays. I read my parents magazines and loved Reader’s Digest. I read very widely and loved every minute of it, no matter how many times I had to go to the dictionary. I also checked many books out of the school and public library.
So, you’re an avid reader? What do you enjoy reading?
At the moment, I am in the middle of Paul Cude’s Bentwhistle the Dragon, Volume One, in between book reviews. I am reading this for fun and have found it quite enjoyable. My favorite genres are sci-fi and fantasy, but I have come to appreciate good writing in whatever genre. I have read some great cozy murders, historical fiction, and romantic stories.
When did you decide to create Word Refiner?
Many years ago, a friend was writing a book. He sent me his tenth draft. It was typewritten and double-spaced. He liked my suggestions a lot, and I proofed for him for many years after that. I started looking for other authors and found it very hard to meet them. I had the concept in mind for a long time, but could not connect with very many authors. I advertised on Craig’s List for several years with a little bit of success. I found it really hard to connect with authors on Facebook and some other social media portals. When I looked into Twitter, I realized I had struck pay dirt.
How does a client contact you?
I can be contacted on Twitter of course: @wordrefiner. I can also be reached at my website: Word Refiner, and by email: email@example.com.
How does Word Refiner work? What is the process?
While it is detailed on my website, here are the basics. I offer a free evaluation of a manuscript whether fiction or nonfiction. My skill is in spelling, so I tell a client that I can provide the best value after all the editing and rewriting is done. When the client thinks the book is ready to be published, I should be the last set of fresh eyes. I ask for a section from the middle of the book, two to three thousand words. I go through it and provide the estimate based on the density of errors in the sample. My pricing is based on word count and starts at $3.00 per thousand words; as the number of errors increases, so does my price. If we agree on the project, they send me the entire book in a format compatible with MS Word 2013.
What does a client receive from you?
I use the commenting feature in Word; I do not make any changes in the book. There is a sample of what that looks like on my website: Learn More. If I find a weird formatting error, such as a line cut off in the middle and moved down, I will fix that for continuity reasons. Otherwise, I believe in a hands-off approach. I want the author to be able to see exactly what they wrote and consider my suggestions. If any particular suggestion is not liked, then no harm is done. While I am not a full editor, I do offer suggestions for readability, plot points, and technical details where warranted. Many authors have been very grateful for my suggestions. I know a little about a lot of things. I am a super reader and the Hyper-speller. I know my strengths and don’t stray too far from that sweet spot. When I send the book back, I have changed the name of the file. I keep the original file as received for safety purposes.
Do you specialize in one type of book: fiction or non-fiction? Do you work on promotional materials, programs, brochures?
I can do all of the above and more. My specialty is words. If it has words I can read, I am there. I am also cognizant of the differences that can exist in British English and Australian English. I have clients in many parts of the world.
Can you tell us some of the titles you’ve worked on?
I have worked on quite a few books. The full list is at Books We Have Refined. I would like to mention the books of one of my favorite authors, Diane Munier: Darnay Road, Deep In The Heart of Me, Finding My Thunder, and most recently, Bayah and the Ex-con. The first three were done post-publication.
Any favorite words?
My favorite group of homonyms is rite, write, right, and wright. It is the longest group of homonyms I know. I would love to find more of equal or greater length. I also heard a phrase on a BBC production: “insalubrious morass” was a bit of dialog and stuck in my ear. I relished the sound of it and feel in my mouth. It means an unhealthy, swampy area.
Word(s) you see misspelled most often?
From and Form come to mind first. Their, there, and they’re are also very common. There are so many homonyms that can be mixed up, and typos are created so easily. I know because my fingers are pretty sloppy on the keyboard.
Is Word Refiner your dream job?
Yes! Getting paid to read books is my dream job!
How do you see Word Refiner growing?
I am one person; I have not found anyone that can do what I do for the price I charge. My rates are very reasonable.
So this is a solo operation?
It is the three of us: me, myself, and I. Let’s not forget Grizz. Call it 1 ½.
Is there any truth to the rumor that Grizz has 51% controlling interest in the business?
I have defeated his proxy attempts a couple of times now. I am not sure he has given up.
In a previous post, I said how I’m a big fan of second and third definitions. Turns out, I’m a fan of first definitions and spellings, too! This is probably what prompted a friend to refer to me as a word nerd, a truth I readily admitted and took as a compliment.
With that being said, today’s The Weight of Words deals with poor, pour, and pore. I tripped up on this one myself when I typed the phrase “poured over a book.” My internal editor waved her red flag, and the word nerd in me saw an opportunity to share some knowledge.
Definitions and sample sentences for pour include:
(especially of a liquid) flow rapidly in a steady stream
“rain poured off the roof”
cause (a liquid) to flow from a container in a steady stream by holding the container at an angle
“she poured a little milk into a glass”
prepare and serve (a drink)
“he poured a cup of coffee”
Clearly, based on these definitions, one does not pour over a book.
Definitions and sample sentences for pore include:
a minute opening in a surface, especially the skin or integument of an organism, through which gases, liquids, or microscopic particles can pass
“wash your face to keep your pores clean”
be absorbed in the reading or study of
“Kathleen spent hours poring over cookbooks”
think intently; ponder
“when he has thought and pored on it”
And there is it, the second definition of pore is the one I wanted. As a sidebar, don’t you just love the archaic, third definition. What a great word to include in historical writing.
Even though I found the correct spelling for my sentence, the word nerd in me is including poor just to clear up any confusion. Consider this one a freebie.
Definitions and sample sentences for poor include:
lacking sufficient money to live at a standard considered comfortable or normal in a society
“people who were too poor to afford a telephone”
worse than is usual, expected, or desirable; of a low or inferior standard or quality
“her work was poor”
Last week I read an interesting post, What Could Possibly Go Wrong?, from fellow writer S of JSMawdsley. My initial reaction was one of surprise quickly followed by familiarity and finally relief. What S had written struck a chord with me because so many times I’ve wondered why I’m doing what I’m doing with my writing.
My surprise came from the fact that so many writers play it close to the vest never revealing that the writing life isn’t going exactly as they had hoped. S put all her cards on the table by admitting that she wasn’t having fun and planned to rectify the situation by only writing what she wanted to write.
I am familiar with her desire to maintain a quality blog as well as working myself into a tizzy over what to write. When S said she’d give half an hour every two weeks to writing posts, I thought either she’s committing blogging suicide or I’m insane for overworking it. For me, the fear on this subject stems from being told I must have an author platform to market myself prior to publishing my book. This is such a distraction and takes away from my writing time.
By the end of S’s post, I felt encouragement knowing that I am not alone in my concerns. If she can refocus herself by only writing what she loves, so can I. I’d rather be ruled by my passion for writing than by my fear of falling social media stats.
I guess what I’m trying to say is that if you are a writer, you’re not alone. In fact, musicians, photographers, painters, dancers, and all those who create art, it’s time to wrest your craft back from the hands of those who are more concerned with profits than they are with the creation process. Take inspiration from each other and step back to reassess when things go askew. Rediscover your passion, and then go forth and create.