For far too long those crazy Latin-speaking people have influenced English to the detriment of high school students everywhere. Until we can stop them, here’s some information on compliment versus complement. No doubt the confusion started with the fact that they are pronounced alike and used to have similar meanings. Fortunately, they evolved into separate words.
The older of the two words, complement with an E derived from the Latin complementum. As a noun, complement means “a thing that completes or brings to perfection” and “a number or quantity of something required to make a group complete.” As a verb, it means “to add to (something) in a way that enhances or improves it; make perfect.”
Noun 1: The lyrics provided the perfect complement to the music.
Noun 2: As of today, we have a full complement of employees.
Verb: The navy blazer complements the tan slacks for a classic look.
If something complements something else, it completes it or enhances it. A handbag can complement an outfit, and a throw pillow can complement a sofa. Remember the color wheel from grade school art class? Complementary colors were those that were directly across from each other. The contrast between them enhanced their relationship: orange and blue, yellow and purple, red and green.
Remember: if something complements something, it completes it.
Compliment with an I also derives from the Latin root completmentum, which explains some of the early overlap of meaning. It was introduced to English by way of the Spanish cumplimiento, via the route of Italian and French. You can pay someone a compliment, or compliment someone for a job well done.
As a noun, compliment means “a polite expression of praise or admiration.” As a verb, it means “to politely congratulate or praise (someone) for something.”
Noun: George paid me an enormous compliment.
Verb: Marcia complimented Darren on his academic achievements.
Hopefully, today’s The Weight of Words helps with the compliment versus complement confusion. If not, blame those pesky Latin-speaking folks.
I am on a roll with The Weight of Words this week. Microsoft Word keeps telling me that titch isn’t really a word. Every time I type it, the red squiggles instantly appear beneath it. Since I used it in yesterday’s blog post, I feel obliged to pay homage to tiny, little titch.
I first heard titch as a teenager while trying to explain to the stylist about to perm my hair into a mass of curls that would make any teen of the ‘80s green with envy exactly how little hair I wanted removed prior to perming. She assured me that any hairdresser would understand I wanted nothing more than the dead ends cut off if I simply told him or her to cut just a titch. Lo and behold, to this day, her advice holds true.
Titch is informal British for a small person. The slang originated in the 1930s from Little Tich, the stage name of Harry Relph, an English music-hall comedian of small stature. Apparently, Relph earned the nickname because he resembled Arthur Orton, the Tichborne claimant.
Somewhere along the way, it came to mean a small amount, to tut-tut someone in disapproval, or a small child.
I’ll have a titch of coffee before I go.
Titch—you ate all the cake and didn’t save me any?
He’s just a titch of a thing who hasn’t grown much in the past year.
Fortunately, you will not need to expend several cans of Aqua Net to employ the word titch.
Today’s The Weight of Words arose from a conversation I had with a Facebook friend regarding which flavor of MoonPie appealed to my palate. I paused over what I had typed, and since I’m a writer (and it would look bad to post a typo) and a perfectionist, I took a moment to double check myself.
Turns out I used the correct spelling of palate which refers to the taste of something, one’s preference in taste, and the top of your mouth.
Her discerning palate detected the flavor of oak, apples, and honey in the chardonnay.
Banana MoonPies reign supreme on my palate!
Touch your tongue to the roof of your mouth to feel the hard and soft palate.
Palette can be the board upon which artists place dollops of paint or a range of colors.
She mixed cerulean and cobalt blue on her palette to create a most beautiful shade for clouds.
The sunset was a palette of subtle pinks and smoky purples dashed with mandarin orange rays.
Pallet is a platform used for moving things. It can also refer to a small bed or straw mattress.
The warehouse workers loaded the pallets with dry goods before shrink-wrapping them.
Mother made a small pallet of blankets on the porch during summer for us to sleep on.
Sidebar: Did you know that MoonPie has a website where you can buy the delicious treats and other cool stuff!
In continuation of providing support to my fellow writers, today’s blog post offers further assistance with the publication of your short story. I touched on how to format your short story for submission, but now I’ll address the query letter. I don’t know about you, but those two simple words often strike fear in my heart. After working so hard on your piece of writing, now you have to craft a brilliant letter to entice your chosen agent or editor in the hopes of receiving publication of your short work or a request to see more of your longer pieces.
The good news is that a query letter to accompany your short story is more like a cover letter. You’ll probably spend more time researching magazines that are compatible with your work than you will crafting your submission cover letter. In fact, I’m amazed I have this much to say about one of the shortest things you’ll ever write. As an added bonus, this letter works for poetry, too.
Start you letter with your name and contact information at the top left-hand side of the document. Immediately following is the name of the editor-in-chief or appropriate genre editor and the name of the magazine. Next is the genre of the piece you are submitting.
Sidebar: I must admit that I didn’t know short story was a genre especially since many people indicate that a piece is fantasy, horror, etc. I double checked this because I always love to learn something new and pass it on. It would appear to be true. I suppose if one has written a piece in a more specific genre, such as those mentioned, you could state this. I also suppose one would be smart enough not to send a short work of romance to a sci-fi journal.
The word count for the short story comes next, or if you’re submitting poems, indicate the number you have included. A brief bio highlighting your previous publications should be included. If you are well published, congratulations; however, resist the urge to mention every piece you’ve ever placed. One or two of those placed with well-known magazines or journals will suffice. If your education is relevant to your writing career or topic of choice, include that as well. The same goes for your professional background.
Be sure to mention whether or not your submission is simultaneous. There are a few places that will not accept a simultaneous submission, and I will withhold my opinion about them. Some editors assume a submission has been sent to multiple magazines/journals, but they still want this noted. Quite frankly, I can’t imagine why one wouldn’t be sending out simultaneous submissions especially if he or she is attempting to build reputation as a writer. When your piece of short fiction has been accepted, immediately notify and/or withdraw it from other places to which you have submitted.
The good thing about cover letters for short fiction is that they do not require a synopsis of the written work. Another unnecessary addition is your life story, so don’t be tempted to include it. Only short works of non-fiction need this type of information, and even then, filter what you include. Use good sense and don’t gush over the magazine/journal to which you are submitting. Don’t tell how many times the piece has been rejected.
And that, fellow writers, is the long and short of it.
I love finding valuable resources for writing, but even more than finding them, I love sharing them. One of my goals for my blog is to provide another place where fellow writers can find gems such as the two I’m featuring today.
In addition to writing novels, I churn out a short story from time to time. Now that I have a few stacked up like firewood, I thought I might as well submit them. Ah, but how to format a short story when I’ve been focusing on how to format entire manuscripts? Turns out it’s not all that different, and it’s actually quite easy.
The first link I’m providing is How to Format a Short Story Manuscript for Submission: a Checklist by Joe Bunting. Who doesn’t love a good checklist, right? In addition to this is a wonderful visual resource called Proper Manuscript Format: Short Story Format by William Shunn. Mr. Shunn is brilliant when he not only tells us how to format our short fiction, but he shows us what it should look like as well.
I hope you find these helpful, and that you’ll pass on the useful information.